Distribution: Once found in nearly all lakes and watercourses south of the Sahara. Has been exterminated in many areas by local hunters, although still abundant in others.
Description: Shoulder height 55-60 inches (140-152 cm). Weight 3,000-6,000 pounds (1,350-2,700 kg). The head is huge with a mouth that can open to more than 90 degrees. The canine teeth are well developed, forming tusks that are formidable weapons.
CITES: Appendix II. Only an export permit is required. These species do not require an import permit (only in some countries that have adopted more strict rules).