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Introduction

Zambia as a trophy hunting country was discovered quite recently. It happened in the seventies of the last century. But in 2001 the government of Zambia has revoked all earlier granted licenses from outfitter and hunt was closed. In 2003 after redistribution of hunting concessions licenses were issued again and hunt was opened.

Zambia borders with Mozambique, Zimbabwe and Namibia on the South, with Angola on the East, Congo and Tanzania on the North and with Malawi on the East. The country is basically a high plateau (1000-1300 meters above sea level) covered with a light miombo woods, mopena forests on the south and extensive grassy savannas.

There is a restriction for firearm import. One can bring up to three guns. However, in case of a transit through the Republic of South Africa, this quantity decreases to two units. There are no vaccine requirements to enter the country.

Hunting season

The best period for hunting in Zambia is from June to November. The government of Zambia strictly regulates the minimum number of hunting days depending on the chosen trophies.

Trophy

Big Five Trophies

Buffalo

Buffalo

Buffalo shoulder height is 150-165 cm and weight is 650-800 kg. Black buffalo are the biggest and the darkest of the African buffalos. Its heavy, curved horns form massive bases.

Lion

Lion

Lion is the largest African cat and the second largest in the world after tiger. It weighs between 400 and 500 pounds and stands nearly 4 feet at the shoulder and measures about 10 feet from muzzle to tail. The fur color is most often golden beige; however it can vary from gray to dark reddish brown. The male usually has a long mane on the head, shoulders and breast but there are individuals without it. Color of a mane differs from light to black. Lions live in prides which consist of females related to each other and youngsters, and also one or several adult males. Quite often males form bachelor’s groups. The animal is capable of running with a speed up to 40 km/h for a short distance. The quality of a trophy is defined by the existence of a long beautiful mane; however the size of a body and skull also matters.

Leopard

Leopard

Leopard’s body length is 5.5-7.5 feet. It stands 1.7 – 2.5 feet at the shoulders and weights 80-160 lb., sometimes much more. Leopard is a big representative of the cat family and has a long body and rather short paws. Dense yellowish fur is covered with numerous black spots grouped in sockets. Closer to the tip of a long tail the sockets merge into black stripes. Leopards are solitary animals, except for the rut season. The male territory usually includes a territory of one or two females. Leopards are nocturnal animals and spend afternoons resting on a branch of a tree or in the shelter.

Elephant

Elephant

Elephant’s height at the shoulders is 9.9 – 13.1 feet and weight is 8820-13230 lb. Ears of the African elephant are triangle, thick tusks are bent forward. Grayish skin is thick, wrinkled and covered with occasional rough hair. Females are smaller than males and their tusks are thinner and lighter. Males often form bachelor’s groups; old males sometimes prefer to remain alone. Elephants constantly move searching for food and water. They have excellent sense of smell and hearing, but the eye sight is very weak. Elephants can run fast on short distances and also move quietly through dense thickets.Trophy quality of the tusks is defined by its weight and beauty. Tusks of about 70 lb. are considered a good trophy.

Other species:

Lichtenstein’s hartebeest

Lichtenstein’s hartebeest

Lichtenstein's hartebeest typically stand about 4 ft. at the shoulder and weigh around 330 lb. The horns found on both sexes are shaped like the letter 'S'. The horns are slightly ridged. Lichtenstein's hartebeest are a red brown color, which is lighter on the underbelly. It is a gregarious animal. They gather in herds of five to 10 females and calves with a single male, which leads them. Other males form bachelor’s groups. Males hold large territories, which they mark. Old males prefer a solitary life.

Greater Kudu Southern

Greater Kudu Southern

This subspecies is the biggest and darkest, with the longest horns. There are 9-12 vertical strips from each side.

Waterbuck

Waterbuck

The primary color varies from gray to brown and is lighter on the sides and sometimes blackish on the back. Waterbuck has a white muzzle and white eyebrows; there is a cream colored patch on the throat. The white ring surrounding the tail is a characteristic that no other antelope has.

Waterbuck Dafassa

Waterbuck Dafassa

The main color of the coat is gray without yellowish tint. Spots around the eyes are very small and a broad white stripe is under the tail. Основной цвет темно-серый, без рыжины. Пятна около глаз очень маленькие.

Kafue lechwe

Kafue lechwe

Kafue lechwe is usually bigger and lighter than red lechwe. It has a light chestnut color coat and longhorns. This subspecies has the most beautiful horns that make it a good trophy. But to get this trophy you should be ready for a long distance shooting and a lot of walking.

Puku

Puku

Puku stand about 31 in at the shoulder and weigh from 150 to 180 lb. The puku is sandy brown in color, with the almost white underbelly, white spots around the eyes, on the sides of the muzzle and on the throat. Puku is an animal with straight back, short tail and quite long fur. Males have short, thick lyre-shaped horns. Puku live in herds of up to 20 individuals, males either live a solitary life or gather in small bachelor groups.

Hippopotamus

Hippopotamus

Hippopotamus is a large, semiaquatic animal with barrel-shaped body, short legs and very little hair. It weights from 2870 to 5860lb. and stands at the shoulder 140-152 cm. The head is huge and the animal can open its mouth at almost 180°. Well-developed canines form a terrible weapon. The eyes, ears, and nostrils of hippos are placed high on the roof of their skulls that allows the animal to almost completely disappear under water. The skin is thick and dark. This gregarious animal lives in groups with up to 30 individuals. Males can be solitary. Males establish control over herd and the territory, furiously battling with each other. Their main weapon is canines; quite often battle ends with serious injuries or even death. Hippopotamuses are perfectly adapted for aquatic life style; they are great swimmers and divers. During the day, they remain cool by staying in the water while at dusk they go to graze. It is a herbivorous animal with a good hearing and sense of smell, and normal eye sight. Can run very fast and can be dangerous to people, especially if wounded. A trophy is the lower canines but unfortunately their sizes are difficult to estimate in advance.

Blue wildebeest

Blue wildebeest

Blue wildebeest hues range from deep slate to light gray or even grayish brown (though sometimes the skin looks really bluish gray). The beard is black so the other name of this wildebeest is black-bearded.

Blue duiker

Blue duiker

The blue duiker is a small antelope; in fact, it is the smallest duiker. It reaches 11 -13 in. at the shoulder and weighs nearly 7.7–12 lb. This little grayish antelope has shiny skin and tiny spiky horns with grooves at the base.

Cookson’s wildebeest

Cookson’s wildebeest

It is the biggest subspecies of blue wildebeest. It has the biggest horns. Cookson’s wildebeest is restricted to the Luangwa Valley in Zambia.

Yellow-backed duikerй

Yellow-backed duiker

Yellow-backed duikers stand taller at the rump than the shoulders. They weigh in about 60–80 kg. They have very short horns, which are cylindrical and ribbed at the base. An orange crest of hair can be found between their horns. Skin is very dark but there is a characteristic patch of yellow hairs on their rump, which stand when the duiker is alarmed or feels threatened. Yellow-backed duikers are the most widely distributed of all duikers.

Livingston’s Eland

Livingston’s Eland

Livingston’s eland has six or ten white stripes on the sides and a dark brown stripe above the knees on the back surface of front extremities. There is a bush of chocolate color hair is on the forehead. Some populations have white stripеs under the eyes.

Crocodile

Crocodile

Crocodile reaches 9 ft in length, sometimes 15 ft or more. It spends most of the day at the edge of the water and is most active in the early evening.

Red forest duiker

Red forest duiker

Red forest duikers have a typical shoulder height of 43 cm, and an average mass of 14 kg. Both sexes have short, straight horns. Towards the base, the horns have coarse rings and longitudinal striations, but they are smooth towards the tips. The red forest duiker is a rich reddish-brown in color, although the underparts are typically paler. The hairs on the chin, throat, and insides of the ears are commonly a shade of white. A tuft of reddish-brown and black hairs grow between the horns, and the tail has a white tip.

Sable antelope

Sable antelope

Adult sable antelope males are brilliant black, with a muzzle that is mainly white except for a wide strip from the forehead to a nose and from an eye to a nose.

Sitatunga

Sitatunga

Sitatunga is a brownish gray animal. There are white facial markings, as well as several stripes and spots all over, though they are only faintly visible. White patches can be seen on the throat, near the head and the chest. Females are bright chestnut color.

Tsessebe

Tsessebe

Tsessebe is a medium size antelope weighing 137 kg on average and standing 119-122 cm at shoulders. Their bodies are chestnut brown with a purple tint. Horns are not big with both sexes and they are grooved with the exception of their tips. Antelopes live in family groups or small herds of 8-10 individuals. Generally they are active in the morning and in the evening. Tsessebe is a very curious animal. Despite clumsy appearance, t it is capable of running long distances. This antelope has a beautiful skin, however the horns are unattractive as quite often it is harvested by accident while hunting for other animals. Being very curiosity the animal let the hunter quite close to itself.

 

The list of other trophies includes aardwolf, baboon, anteater, Bush pig, caracal, civet, common duiker, genet, grysbok, spotty hyena, impala, jackal, klipspringer, red lechwe, black lechwe, bushbuck, blue monkey, green monkey, colobus, oribi, porcupine, roan, warthog, zebra.

Hunting territories

Hunting in Zambia is allowed in three territories: hunting farms, private hunting grounds and reserves. The total area is more than 6,5 million acres. The main hunting areas are in Luangwa River valley, on the Kafue Flats and also along the Kafue River valley as well as near Lake Bangweulu and in western Zambia. Hunting areas are not fenced.

Hunting process

Hunting primarily involves stalking and is considered rather simple. Hunting is allowed only during daylight hours; hunting at night and with artificial light is forbidden. It is also prohibited to shoot from the car and use baits before hunt.

Route

Such airlines as Emirates, KLM, and British Airways fly to Zambia. Upon arrival in Lusaka, the capital of Zambia, you will be met by the outfitter representative and transferred to the hunting area by car or small charter plane. A lot of camps have their own runway located nearby.

Accommodations

Hunting camps in Zambia are spacious, comfortable tents. Some of them can be even called luxurious. Camps have electricity, satellite phone. Accommodation in hunting lodges or bungalows is offered in some private hunting areas.

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