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Introduction

Mozambique is a country in Southeast Africa. It is a former Portuguese colony and got its independence in 1975. Mozambique is bordered by the Indian Ocean to the east, Tanzania to the north, Malawi and Zambia to the northwest, Zimbabwe to the west, and Swaziland and South Africa to the southwest. Hunting grounds occupy a considerable part of the territory of this country. Mozambique has a tropical climate with two seasons, a wet season from October to March and a dry season from April to September. Average temperature ranges in lowlands are from 55 to 75 °F in July to 71 to 87 °F in February and on the plateau temperatures are lower.

Mozambique has rich and diverse wildlife. A lot of different species of antelopes is found here. One of the most beautiful one trophies of Africa – a sable antelope lives practically across the whole territory of Mozambique as well as nyala, and greater Kudu. Hunt for Big Five is also allowed in this country.

Hunter can import four units of firearms and 100 cartridges per gun. In case of a transit through South Africa the permitted quantity decreases to two units. Vis can be obtained upon arrival to the country.

Hunting season

Hunting is open from May to end of September.

Trophies

Big Five Trophies

Buffalo

Buffalo

Buffalo shoulder height is 150-165 cm and weight is 650-800 kg. Black buffalo are the biggest and the darkest of the African buffalos. Its heavy, curved horns form massive bases.

Lion

Lion

Lion is the largest African cat and the second largest in the world after tiger. It weighs between 400 and 500 pounds and stands nearly 4 feet at the shoulder and measures about 10 feet from muzzle to tail. The fur color is most often golden beige; however it can vary from gray to dark reddish brown. The male usually has a long mane on the head, shoulders and breast but there are individuals without it. Color of a mane differs from light to black. Lions live in prides which consist of females related to each other and youngsters, and also one or several adult males. Quite often males form bachelor’s groups. The animal is capable of running with a speed up to 40 km/h for a short distance. The quality of a trophy is defined by the existence of a long beautiful mane; however the size of a body and skull also matters.

Leopard

Leopard

Leopard’s body length is 5.5-7.5 feet. It stands 1.7 – 2.5 feet at the shoulders and weights 80-160 lb., sometimes much more. Leopard is a big representative of the cat family and has a long body and rather short paws. Dense yellowish fur is covered with numerous black spots grouped in sockets. Closer to the tip of a long tail the sockets merge into black stripes. Leopards are solitary animals, except for the rut season. The male territory usually includes a territory of one or two females. Leopards are nocturnal animals and spend afternoons resting on a branch of a tree or in the shelter.

Elephant

Elephant

Elephant’s height at the shoulders is 9.9 – 13.1 feet and weight is 8820-13230 lb. Ears of the African elephant are triangle, thick tusks are bent forward. Grayish skin is thick, wrinkled and covered with occasional rough hair. Females are smaller than males and their tusks are thinner and lighter. Males often form bachelor’s groups; old males sometimes prefer to remain alone. Elephants constantly move searching for food and water. They have excellent sense of smell and hearing, but the eye sight is very weak. Elephants can run fast on short distances and also move quietly through dense thickets. Trophy quality of the tusks is defined by its weight and beauty. Tusks of about 70 lb. are considered a good trophy.

Trophies

Lichtenstein’s hartebeest

Lichtenstein’s hartebeest

Lichtenstein's hartebeest typically stand about 4 ft. at the shoulder and weigh around 330 lb. The horns found on both sexes are shaped like the letter 'S'. The horns are slightly ridged. Lichtenstein's hartebeest are a red brown color, which is lighter on the underbelly. It is a gregarious animal. They gather in herds of five to 10 females and calves with a single male, which leads them. Other males form bachelor’s groups. Males hold large territories, which they mark. Old males prefer a solitary life.

Greater Kudu Southern

Greater Kudu Southern

This subspecies is the biggest and darkest, with the longest horns. There are 9-12 vertical strips from each side.

Waterbuck

Waterbuck

The primary color varies from gray to brown and is lighter on the sides and sometimes blackish on the back. Waterbuck has a white muzzle and white eyebrows; there is a cream colored patch on the throat. The white ring surrounding the tail is a characteristic that no other antelope has.

Common eland

Common eland

It is a large spiral-horned antelope. Both sexes have horns with a steady spiral ridge. Fur color is a tan in females, while the coats of males are darker, with a bluish-grey tinge. As males age, their coat becomes more grey. Males also have dense fur on their foreheads and a large dewlap on their throats. Eland weighs from 880 to 2200 lb., measures 79–110 in from the snout to the base of the tail and on the average stands 49–60 in at the shoulder.

Hippopotamus

Hippopotamus

Hippopotamus is a large, semiaquatic animal with barrel-shaped body, short legs and very little hair. It weights from 2870 to 5860lb. and stands at the shoulder 140-152 cm. The head is huge and the animal can open its mouth at almost 180°. Well-developed canines form a terrible weapon. The eyes, ears, and nostrils of hippos are placed high on the roof of their skulls that allows the animal to almost completely disappear under water. The skin is thick and dark. This gregarious animal lives in groups with up to 30 individuals. Males can be solitary. Males establish control over herd and the territory, furiously battling with each other. Their main weapon is canines; quite often battle ends with serious injuries or even death. Hippopotamuses are perfectly adapted for aquatic life style; they are great swimmers and divers. During the day, they remain cool by staying in the water while at dusk they go to graze. It is a herbivorous animal with a good hearing and sense of smell, and normal eye sight. Can run very fast and can be dangerous to people, especially if wounded. A trophy is the lower canines but unfortunately their sizes are difficult to estimate in advance.

Blue wildebeest

Blue wildebeest

Blue wildebeest hues range from deep slate to light gray or even grayish brown (though sometimes the skin looks really bluish gray). The beard is black so the other name of this wildebeest is black-bearded.

Blue duiker

Blue duiker

The blue duiker is a small antelope; in fact, it is the smallest duiker. It reaches 11 -13 in. at the shoulder and weighs nearly 7.7–12 lb. This little grayish antelope has shiny skin and tiny spiky horns with grooves at the base.

Nyassaland wildebeest

Nyassaland wildebeest

This wildebeest has the smallest horns and body among all wildebeests. The coat is grayish brown with chestnut color muzzle and black beard.

Livingston’s Eland

Livingston’s Eland

Livingston’s eland has six or ten white stripes on the sides and a dark brown stripe above the knees on the back surface of front extremities. There is a bush of chocolate color hair is on the forehead. Some populations have white stripеs under the eyes.

Red forest duiker

Red forest duiker

Red forest duikers have a typical shoulder height of 43 cm, and an average mass of 14 kg. Both sexes have short, straight horns. Towards the base, the horns have coarse rings and longitudinal striations, but they are smooth towards the tips. The red forest duiker is a rich reddish-brown in color, although the underparts are typically paler. The hairs on the chin, throat, and insides of the ears are commonly a shade of white. A tuft of reddish-brown and black hairs grow between the horns, and the tail has a white tip.

Crocodile

Crocodile

Crocodile reaches 9 ft in length, sometimes 15 ft or more. It spends most of the day at the edge of the water and is most active in the early evening.

Nyala

Nyala

Nyala is a middle-sized antelope with a remarkable appearance. The body length is 40–43 in, and it weighs 216–276 lb. Males are significantly larger than females. They are slate gray and have spiral horns with yellowish tip. Females and young males have no horns and they are rusty brown. All nyalas have up to 18 white stripes on their sides. Adult males can have 3-4 or no stripes at all. Males also have a long standing mane which covers a backbone and patches of hair hanging along the lower part of the body. Both sexes have bushy tail with white tip. Old males live alone, but single sex or mixed family groups of up to 10 individuals can be found. Usually nyala lives in small groups, but old males live alone. These antelopes are capable to jump high easily clear the obstacles. It is quite difficult to hunt nyala as it is a very cautious creature, besides it prefers to live in dense thickets. Most often the nyala can be seen in the morning or in the evening when the antelopes come out to the open spaces to eat.

Sable antelope

Sable antelope

Adult sable antelope males are brilliant black, with a muzzle that is mainly white except for a wide strip from the forehead to a nose and from an eye to a nose.

Steenbok

Steenbok

Steenbok is a small graceful antelope with a small head, long extremities and short smooth fur. It is standing 16"-24" at the shoulder with a weight of 11 kg. The general coloring bright it is bright rufous. The underside, including chin and throat, is white or off white. Ears are large and the tail is short. Only males have smooth wide-spread horns. The animal leads a solitary life except for mating period. In case of danger steenbok hides in a grass. When found steenbok jumps and runs away in zigzags, sometimes it jumps up and stops to look back. Often hides in the neglected anteater holes. Not to damage a thin skin, it is necessary to use small caliber or all-metal bullets.

The list of other trophies includes baboon, Bush pig, common duiker, grysbok, spotty hyena, impala, oribi, porcupine, roan, warthog, and zebra.

Hunting territories

There are two main types of hunting grounds In Mozambique: hunting concessions (kontadas) and hunting farms (ranches). Hunting grounds are big non-fenced areas. The best hunting territories are on the outskirts of the country, especially on the north along the border with Tanzania and on the West, near Zimbabwe. Mozambique species variety and trophy quality is on a high level due to the proximity to those countries and to the national parks, such as Nyasa. Vegetation is shrubby and dry savannas as well as dense woods. Crocodile and a hippopotamus hunts are on the Zambezi River and the Lake Gakhora Bassa.

Hunting process

All-wheel drive cars are used for transportation within the hunting territory. Hunting is from stalk. The terrain is simple that makes hunting rather easy. Hunting is allowed only during daylight hours. To shot from the car the distance should be no less than 200 meters from it. Hunt with artificial light is allowed for bush pig, lion and leopard. It is authorized to shoot a crocodile from the boat.

Route

The majority of the international flights to Mozambique require a layover in Johannesburg (Republic of South Africa). Transfer from the airport to the hunting territory is by car (3-6 hours) or the charter plane, and then further to the chosen concession by car again.

Accommodations

Hunters are accommodated in comfortable bungalows.

Related items

Hunting in Zambia  Hunting in Zimbabwe  Hunting in Tanzania