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Introduction

Ethiopia is located in the Horn of Africa. It is bordered by Eritrea, Djibouti, Somalia, Sudan and South Sudan and Kenya. This legendary African country has been famous for its hunting traditions for decades, and is widely known for the opportunity to get a mountain nyala. Despite the numerous political revolutions and the wars, this country still carries unique safaris in fascinating wild landscape. Both diversity of fauna and existence of endemics attract hunters from all over the world to Ethiopia. Besides, Ethiopia has historical and natural sights that give you a chance to get acquainted with African tribes’ culture.

Climatic conditions in Ethiopia depend on the region: in the uplands, the air is cool; sometimes it is foggy and rainy. The weather is the same during dry season. Temperature ranges from 40F at sunrise to 70F during the day. Climate is steadier in lowlands. In desert conditions, temperature can fall considerably late at night and then reach 100 F in the middle of the day. Hunting normally takes place at 50 – 90 F.

Hunters can bring no more than three units of hunting weapons and no more than 120 cartridges per. Before visiting Ethiopia one needs a yellow (jungle) fever vaccine, besides, during the whole stay in the country it is necessary to take malaria drugs. Tourist visas for citizens of EU, USA, Australia can obtain visa upon arrival at the international airport Bol in Addis Ababa.

Hunting season

Hunting in Ethiopia is open all the year round. However it is recommended to plan a trip from October to June since the months of July, August and September have the most precipitation.

Hunting for crocodile is from May 1 to November 30.

Trophy

Big Five Trophies

Buffalo

Buffalo

Buffalo shoulder height is 150-165 cm and weight is 650-800 kg. A black buffalo is the biggest and the darkest of the African buffalos. Its heavy, curved horns form massive bases. While in many consider buffalo as the most dangerous of African game, the lion is probably the best known, most respected, and feared member of the Big Five.

Leopard

Leopard

Leopard’s body length is 5.5-7.5 feet. It stands 1.7 – 2.5 feet at the shoulders and weighs 80-160 lb., sometimes much more. Leopard is a big representative of the cat family and has a long body and rather short paws. Dense yellowish fur is covered with numerous black spots grouped in sockets. Closer to the tip of a long tail the sockets merge into black stripes. Leopards are solitary animals, except for the rut season. The male territory usually includes a territory of one or two females. Leopards are nocturnal animals and spend afternoons resting on a branch of a tree or in the shelter. Ethiopia issues more licenses for leopard hunts them any other African country.

Lion

Lion

Lion is the largest African cat and the second largest in the world after tiger. It weighs between 400 and 500 pounds and stands nearly 4 feet at the shoulder and measures about 10 feet from muzzle to tail. The fur color is most often golden beige; however it can vary from gray to dark reddish brown. The male usually has a long mane on the head, shoulders and breast but there are individuals without it. Color of a mane differs from light to black. Lions live in prides which consist of females related to each other and youngsters, and also one or several adult males. Quite often males form bachelor’s groups. The animal is capable of running with a speed up to 40 km/h for a short distance. The quality of a trophy is defined by the existence of a long beautiful mane; however the size of a body and skull also matters.

Trophies

Abyssinian Greater kudu

Abyssinian Greater kudu

Abyssinian greater kudu is smaller, lighter with shorter horns than other subspecies. There are 4-5 stripes on each side.

Abyssinian bushbuck

Abyssinian bushbuck

It is a small forest yellowish-brown antelope with a black stripe along the backbone. It stands 26-30 in at the shoulders and weighs 77 – 99 lb.

White-eared kob

White-eared kob

White-eared kob is slightly bigger than western kob. It is an animal with a very characteristic appearance. It stands 35.5 in at the shoulders and weighs 176 lb. Adult males have white ears, white circles around the eyes and white patches on the throat and chest. Lower part of the body is also white. Males get darker as they get older Sometimes they can become almost black with the exception of white areas. Females and young males are reddish-brown.

Lelwel hartebeest

Lelwel hartebeest

Lelwel is a big hartebeest with a big head. It stands 50-55 in at the shoulders. Coat is chestnut color with stripes on the front of the legs. V-shaped horns are thick and the very tips are curved to the back.

Meneliki bushbuck

Meneliki bushbuck

Meneliki is an endemic. It is a very beautiful forest antelope with a rather long dark brown fur. It stands 28 – 30 in. high and weighs 100 – 120 lb. Usually there are contrast spots on the neck, throat and inner part of the legs. The head is chestnut color with a black stripe on the nose and white spots around the eyes. Females are sandy color.

Grant's gazelle

Grant's gazelle

This gazelle has the longest horns. The coat is light brown or yellowish brown with a very distinct spot on the nose and stripes on the backside.

Bright's gazelle

Bright's gazelle

It is a subspecies of Grant’s gazelle, but lighter and smaller. Stripes are very faint or invisible at all. Horns are small and very close to each other.

Mountain nyala or bulbok

Mountain nyala or bulbok

Mountain nyalas are endemic to Ethiopian highlands. Mountain nyala is a very valuable trophy which costs all the efforts spent on harvesting it. It stands 47 – 53 in. tall and weighs 440 – 560 lb. It is a big antelope resembling greater kudu but without a hump on a back. Horns are much smaller, ears are big and tail is bushy. The coat is grey to brown, marked with two to five poorly defined white strips from the back to the underside, and a row of six to ten white spots. White markings are present on the face, throat and legs as well. Males have a short dark erect crest running along the middle of the back and turning into a whitish brown stripe. Only males possess horns. The horns are long and massive with only one or two spirals. Females are smaller and lighter with a smoother coat. Adult males lead a solitary life or in a group of two. Mountain nyalas are active in the evening, at night or early in the morning. Mountain nyala is one of the best African trophies along with bongo or sitatunga or marshbuck. Mountain nyala hunt normally takes place on the altitude of 1700 – 1850 miles with a poor visibility due to thick vegetation and bad weather conditions. So is a real challenge and within the power of real hunters.

Günther's dik-dik

Günther's dik-dik

Günther's dik-dik is one of the smallest ungulates in Africa. The species is found in the lowlands of Ethiopia. Typical habitat includes low thicket-type vegetation in thornbush, savanna grassland and riverine woodland biomes, and extends to disturbed and overgrazed areas. Günther's dik-dik weighs 6.6–11.0 lb. and only 13-16 in. high. Females are larger than males and have no horns. It has a yellowish-gray to reddish-brown coat, it differs from other dik-diks by a long nose.

Salt's dik-dik

Salt's dik-dik

Salt's dik-dik is slightly bigger than other subspecies but has smaller horns. . It has a yellowish-gray to reddish-brown coat.

Giant forest hog

Giant forest hog

The giant forest hog is the largest living species of suid. Adults stand from 2 ft 6 in to 3 ft 7 in. in height at the shoulder, and can weigh from 220 to 606 lb. The giant forest hog has extensive dark hairs on its body, though these tend to become less pronounced as the animal ages. Its ears are large and pointy, and the tusks are proportionally smaller than those of the warthogs, but bigger than those of the bushpig. It is not easy to hit a giant forest hog and most often it is harvested by chance during other hunts.

Nile lechwe

Nile lechwe

The animal is usually 38–41 in. tall at the shoulders, and weighs between 200 and 260 lb. This beautiful middle –sized animal looks almost black from a distance. Females have no horns and the males’ horns are long, thin, strongly ridged at the bases and curved at the tips. Coat color is blackish-brown with white 'hoods' over their shoulders and small white patches over the eyes.

Lesser kudu

Lesser kudu

The lesser kudu is a graceful spiral-horned antelope. This middle size animal reaches about 37–41 in. at the shoulder and weighs 170–220 lb. The lesser kudu is characterized by large, rounded ears and bushy tail with a black tip. The coat color is brownish grey with bluish hue as the animal gets older. One long white stripe runs along the back and 11–13 white stripes on the sides. The area around the lips is white, the throat has white patches, and two white spots appear on each side of the lower jaw. The underparts are completely white, while the slender legs are tawny and have black and white patches. Horns are present only on males. They have two to two-and-a-half twists.

 

Also the list if trophies include African wildcat, gelada, Soemmerring's gazelle, Black-and-white colobus, Green monkey, Blue monkey, tiang, baboon, Olive baboon, bat-eared fox, bush pig, caracal, common duker, genet, serval, warthog, oribi, spotty hyena, jackal, porcupine, klipspringer, ostrich, honey badger, antelope, kob, gerenuk.

Hunting territories

Hunting territories in Ethiopia occupy a considerable part of the country. The main big concessions are in the southern part of Ethiopia, to the south from Addis Ababa. Most often such areas as Omo’s valley, the Province of Bale, mountains Arusi and Bale in the south and areas near Danakil and Afar in the north are chosen for hunt.

The Ethiopian trophies can be divided into mountain and plain types. Mountain types are a mountain nyala, Meneliki bushbuk, a giant forest pig, a leopard and a colobus. Hunting for these animals generally takes place in 4 areas including two mountain chains: Mount Akhmar in the east and Bale in the southeast. Excellent trophies of mountain nyala are constantly harvested here. The average trophy size is 38 – 39 in. Animal trophy qualities are high due to the fact that hunting areas are chosen very carefully and the quantity of quotas is strictly controlled. No more than 2-3 mountain nyala is taken every year in one area.

Hunting for plain types such as other types of dikdik, Abyssinian gazelle, small Kudu, East African oryx or beisa, Grant's gazelle, buffalo, hartebeest, a Abyssinian bushbok, gerenuk and baboons, can be organized on the Danakil lowland in the North or in Omo valley in the south.

Hunting process

Hunting in Ethiopia is generally on foot, except for mountain nyala. This hunt requires horseback riding. Keep in mind that for nyala hunt you should be in a good physical shape. It is necessary to remember that for hunting for a mountain nyala it is necessary to be in fine physical shape. This safari on its complexity is comparable with bongo or rams hunting. There is a special territory for each species. Concessions are not fenced. Hunting is allowed during daylight hours. Night hunt with artificial light is allowed only on the nocturnal animals such as lion, leopard, hyena, jackal and several small cats. Hunting for a giant forest pig is forbidden at night. Lion hunt is from stalk only. There is a strict government restriction on the minimum of days for safari depending on the chosen types.

Route

Such airlines as Turkish Airlines (through Istanbul), Egypt Air (through Cairo) and Emirates Airline (through Dubai) offer flights to Ethiopia. The international airport Bole is located five kilometers from the center of Addis Ababa. After all necessary customs formalities you will be accommodated in one of the hotel for one night and transferred to the hunting grounds by car the next morning. Transfer time varies from 5 to 10 hours.

Accommodations

Hunters are accommodated in comfortable tent camps. Fly camps are used for Nyala hunt.

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